(Ovariectomy; Salpingo-Oophorectomy; Bilateral Oophorectomy; Oophorectomy, Bilateral)
|The Female Reproductive System|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
Reasons for Procedure
- Changes in sex drive
- Hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause (if both ovaries are removed)
- Depression and other forms of psychological distress
- Reaction to anesthesia
- Blood clots, particularly in the veins of the legs
- Damage to other organs
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Physical exam
- Blood and urine tests
- Ultrasound—a test that uses sound waves to examine the inside of the body
- CT scan—a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of structures inside the body
Talk to your doctor about your medicines. You may be asked to stop taking some medicines up to one week before the procedure, like:
- Aspirin or other anti-inflammatory drugs
- Blood thinners, such as clopidogrel (Plavix) or warfarin (Coumadin)
- Eat a light dinner the night before. After midnight, do not eat or drink anything, including water.
- Arrange for a ride home and for help at home.
Description of Procedure
Immediately After Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
- Abdominal incision—2-5 days
- Laparoscopic procedure—1 day
- On the first night, you may be instructed to sit up in bed, or walk a short distance.
- The next morning, an IV will probably be removed if you are eating and drinking well.
- You may need to wear special socks or boots to help prevent blood clots.
- You may have a Foley catheter for a short time to help you urinate.
- Follow your doctor's instructions.
- Take proper care of the incision site. This will help prevent an infection.
- Ask your doctor about when it is safe to shower, bathe, or soak in water.
- Slowly increase your activities. Begin with light chores, short walks, and some driving. Depending on your job, you may be able to return to work. Returning to normal activities takes 2-6 weeks, depending on the type of surgery.
- To promote healing, eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
Try to avoid
- Eating high-fiber foods
- Drinking plenty of water
- Using stool softeners if needed
- Ask your doctor when you can resume sexual activity.
- Some women may have emotional distress after their ovaries are removed. Counseling and/or a support group may help.
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Persistent or increased vaginal bleeding or discharge
- Pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given
- Nausea and/or vomiting that you cannot control with the medicines you were given after surgery, or which persist for more than two days after discharge from the hospital
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from the incision sites
- Difficulty urinating
- Swelling, redness, or pain in your leg
- Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
- Feeling depressed
American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org
National Cancer Institute http://www.cancer.gov
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org
Cancer of the ovary. American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq096.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20130214T0953249629. Accessed June 8, 2008.
Endometrial cancer treatment. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/endometrial/Patient/page4#Keypoint14. Accessed June 8, 2008.
Rosenfeld LE. Women and heart disease. Yale University School of Medicine Heart Book website. Available at: http://www.med.yale.edu/library/heartbk. Accessed February 20, 2008.
- Reviewer: Andrea Chisholm
- Review Date: 09/2012 -
- Update Date: 00/91/2012 -