Robot-Assisted Surgery -- Overview
Reasons for Procedure
- Require precision
- Do not require open access, especially laparoscopic procedures
- Less scarring
- Reduced recovery times
- Less risk of infection
- Less blood loss
- Reduced trauma to the body
- Shorter hospital stay
- Faster recovery
- Adrenalectomy —removal of adrenal gland
- Cholecystectomy —removal of the gallbladder
- Gastric bypass —procedure to treat obesity and reduce the size of the stomach
- Heller myotomy—procedure on the lower esophageal sphincter
- Nissen fundoplication —treatment for severe heartburn
- Colorectal surgery —surgery of the colon
- Appendectomy —removal of the appendix
- Hernia repair
- Nephrectomy —removal of the kidney
- Radical prostatectomy —removal of the prostate
- Damage to nearby organs or structures
- Anesthesia-related problems
- The need to switch to traditional surgical methods such as traditional laparoscopic or open surgery
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
Talk to your doctor about your medications. You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure, like:
- Anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen
- Blood thinners
- Anti-platelet medications
- Take antibiotics if instructed.
- Follow a special diet if instructed.
- Shower the night before using antibacterial soap if instructed.
- Arrange for someone to drive you home from the hospital. Also, have someone to help you at home.
- Eat a light meal the night before. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.
- General anesthesia —blocks pain and keeps you asleep through the surgery
- Local anesthesia with sedation—just the area that is being operated on is numbed, given as an injection
Description of the Procedure
|Small "Keyhole" Incisions|
|Small "keyhole" incisions are placed in preparation for a robot-assisted surgical procedure.|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
- Be encouraged to walk with assistance soon after surgery
- Receive guidelines on what you should eat and what activities you can do—Depending on your procedure, you should be able to go back to your normal activities in a few weeks.
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from an incision site
- Cough , shortness of breath, chest pain, or severe nausea or vomiting
- Pain, burning, urgency, frequency of urination, or persistent bleeding in the urine
- Pain and/or swelling in your feet, calves, or legs, or sudden shortness of breath or chest pain
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Other worrisome symptoms
American College of Surgeons http://www.facs.org
US Food and Drug Administration http://www.fda.gov
Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health http://www.cadth.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
The da Vinci surgical system. University of Southern California, Cardiothoracic Surgery website. Available at: http://www.cts.usc.edu/rsi-davincisystem.html . Accessed July 25, 2013.
Robotic surgery. Brown University website. Available at: http://biomed.brown.edu/Courses/BI108/BI108%5F2005%5FGroups/04/ . Accessed July 25, 2013.
Robotic surgery. Thinkquest website. Available at: http://library.thinkquest.org/03oct/00760/ . Accessed July 25, 2013.
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD; Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 07/2013 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -