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Cartersville Medical Center

Reducing Your Risk of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) develops over time due to a variety of factors. There are no known ways to prevent OA, but there are steps to help keep your bones and joints healthy:

  • Maintain a healthy weight to reduce stress on your body's joints.
  • If possible, avoid activities that require intense, repetitive motion on joints that are susceptible to OA, such as the knee.
  • Get regular exercise to strengthen muscles. Strong muscles absorb shock and protect the joint from excess stress. Weak muscles, cause excess stress and wearing on the joint.

Healthy bones and joints may delay the onset OA or decrease the severity.

Revision Information

  • ACR issues recommendations on therapies for osteoarthritis of the hand, hip, and knee. Am Fam Physician. 2013;87(7):515-516.

  • Degenerative joint disease of the hip. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated November 17, 2014. Accessed December 1, 2014.

  • Degenerative joint disease of the knee. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated November 25, 2014. Accessed December 1, 2014.

  • Osteoarthritis. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: Updated August 2013. Accessed December 1, 2014.

  • Sinusas, K. Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2012;85(1):49-56.

  • 2/15/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance McAlindon T, Lavalley M, et al. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on progression of knee pain and cartilage volume in patients with symptomatic osteoarthritis: A randomized control trial. JAMA. 2013;309(2):155-162.

The health information in this Health Library is provided by a third party. Cartersville Medical Center does not in any way create the content of this information. It is provided solely for informational purposes. It does not constitute medical advice and is not intended to be a substitute for proper medical care provided by a physician. Always consult with your doctor for appropriate examinations, treatment, testing, and care recommendations. Do not rely on information on this site as a tool for self-diagnosis. If you have a medical emergency, call 911.