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Cartersville Medical Center

Diagnosis of Chickenpox

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Chickenpox is usually diagnosed based on the rash. Blood and laboratory tests to identify the varicella zoster virus (VZV) are available for use in questionable cases, but they are rarely necessary.

Blood and laboratory tests —several tests are available that may help confirm the diagnosis of chickenpox, including:

  • Skin smear to infer the presence of chickenpox virus by staining
  • Skin smear to detect chickenpox viral proteins using immunofluorescence
  • Blood test to detect the presence and measure the amounts of antibodies to chickenpox virus
  • Viral culture

Revision Information

  • Chickenpox. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: . Updated May 2010. Accessed May 30, 2013.

  • Chickenpox (varicella). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: . Updated April 25, 2013. Accessed May 30, 2013.

  • Long S, Pickering L, Prober C. Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases . 3rd ed. New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone; 2008.

  • Varicella. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: . Updated April 13, 2013. Accessed May 30, 2013.

The health information in this Health Library is provided by a third party. Cartersville Medical Center does not in any way create the content of this information. It is provided solely for informational purposes. It does not constitute medical advice and is not intended to be a substitute for proper medical care provided by a physician. Always consult with your doctor for appropriate examinations, treatment, testing, and care recommendations. Do not rely on information on this site as a tool for self-diagnosis. If you have a medical emergency, call 911.