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Screening for Metabolic Syndrome

The content below is part of the “Health Library” and is not indicative of services available at the facility.

The purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment. Screening tests are usually administered to people without current symptoms, but who may be at high risk for certain diseases or conditions. Identifying and treating these underlying conditions that make up metabolic syndrome can reduce your risk of developing heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

Screening Guidelines for Central Obesity

When you have a physical exam, your doctor can measure your waist circumference.

Screening Guidelines for Blood Pressure

All adults should have their blood pressure checked during physical exams. If blood pressure is under 120/80 mm Hg, it can be rechecked in 2 years. For people with systolic blood pressure of 120-139 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure of 80-90 mm Hg, rechecks are recommended every year.

Screening Guidelines for Cholesterol

A fasting lipid panel analyzes total cholesterol, as well as LDL, HDL, and triglyceride levels in the blood. Every adult 20 years and older should be tested. If your test results show a high risk for coronary artery disease, it is recommended that you get it rechecked within one year.

In people with less or no risk, retesting may only need to be done every 2-5 years.

Screening Guidelines for Blood Glucose

Glucose tests check your blood sugar levels to make sure they are within normal range. Glucose tests are used for screening and diagnosing prediabetes and type 2 diabetes.

The American Diabetes Association recommends screening in adults 45 years and older, every 3 years as long as the test result is within normal range.

People who are overweight or obese should be tested regardless of age if one or more of the following factors are present:

  • Physical inactivity
  • Family history
  • African American, Native American, Latino, Asian American, or Pacific Islander ethnicity
  • History of gestational diabetes or birth of baby weighing over 9 pounds
  • Blood pressure at or above 140/90 mm Hg
  • HDL cholesterol under 35 mg/dL or triglycerides over 250 mg/dL
  • Women with polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Previous glucose testing indicating higher than normal results
  • History of cardiovascular disease

People with prediabetes should be tested every year.

Revision Information

  • American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes—2013. Diabetes Care. 2013;36 Suppl 1:S11-S66.

  • Diabetes mellitus type 2 screening. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: Accessed March 18, 2016. Accessed September 23, 2016.

  • Hypertension. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: Updated June 26, 2014. Accessed September 30, 2014.

  • Obesity in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: Updated July 10, 2016. Accessed September 23, 2016.

  • Rosenzweig JL, Ferrannini E, Grundy SM, et al. Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in patients at metabolic risk: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008;93(10):3671-2689

  • Steinberger J, Daniels SR, Eckel RH, et al. AHA scientific statement: progress and challenges in metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents. Circulation. 2009;119(4):628-647.

  • Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III): Executive Summary. National Heart, Lung & Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health website. Available at: Accessed May 10, 2013.

  • US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for high blood pressure: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force reaffirmation recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2007;147(11):783-786.

The health information in this Health Library is provided by a third party. Cartersville Medical Center does not in any way create the content of this information. It is provided solely for informational purposes. It does not constitute medical advice and is not intended to be a substitute for proper medical care provided by a physician. Always consult with your doctor for appropriate examinations, treatment, testing, and care recommendations. Do not rely on information on this site as a tool for self-diagnosis. If you have a medical emergency, call 911.